The country's topography is varied. The Transylvanian Basin, or
Plateau, which covers much of central Romania, is very hilly and
forested for the most part, but it also has wide valleys and extensive
arable slopes. It is almost completely surrounded by ring of mountains,
the Carpathians, comprising over 22% of the total land area, these
mountains form a horseshoe in the centre of the country.
Moldoveanu, the highest peak in the country, is in the Transylvanian
Alps to the south; these Alps continue south to the gorge of the
Danube as the Banat Mountains. A smaller group of ranges, the Bihor
Mountains, is west of the basin. The remaining areas of Romania
are predominantly lowlands. In the west the lowlands of the
Tisza Plain are, which are usually referred to as the The Banat, adjacent
to the border with the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and Crisana-Maramures,
adjacent to Hungary.
The most extensive plains are the lowlands of Wallachia and the
Coast, located between the Transylvanian Alps and Bulgaria, and
of Moldova, east of the Carpathian Mountains. Bordering the Black
Sea in the extreme east and forming part of Dobruja a low plateau is,
which continues south into Bulgaria.